A member of security forces loyal to Libya's Government of National Accord (GNA) holds a weapon during a security deployment in Tarhouna city, Libya June 11, 2020. REUTERS/Ismail Zitouny
CAIRO – 25 August 2020: Less than a week after a ceasefire was declared by Libya's Tripoli-based Government of National Accord and Tobruk-based House of Representatives, demonstrators took to the streets in Trippoli and Misrata controlled by the former to protest corruption and the deterioration of utilities prompting comments by the United States and the United Nations.
In the evening of August 23, Libyan citizens had gathered in front of the headquarters of the Presidential Council before heading to Al Shohadaa Square in the capital. They protested the outage of electricity and water supply as well as the long queues at gas stations in the oil-rich country.
The protests were met with live rounds and arrests as shown in videos circulating on social media. Al Hadath reported earlier in August that demonstrations took place in Tripoli's Algeria Square.
On August 24, protests broke out in the neighboring city of Misrata two days after militias reinforcements were sent to Asabaa town located 70 kilometers to the West of Trippoli.
The U.S. Embassy in Libya asserted Monday Libyans' right to protest peacefully, and to get adequate public services.
In calls w/ Libyan leaders, Amb. Norland assessed progress in operationalizing ceasefire & oil production statements, shared U.S. concern over alarming electricity shortages, & supported citizens' right anywhere in #Libya to engage in peaceful protest. https://t.co/A0HncSvpYC— U.S. Embassy - Libya (@USAEmbassyLibya) August 24, 2020
The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) revealed on August 23 that Asabaa had been forcibly locked down and that at least a civilian got killed. The mission urged the release of those who were arbitrarily detained, and the handover of suspects to relevant judicial institutions. The UNSMIL also underlined that authorities must respect humanitarian law, including freedom of movement and access to health facilities.
1/3 UNSMIL expresses its concerns at ongoing developments in al-Asabaa city & neighboring localities, incl. reports of 1 civilian killed, a number of arbitrary arrests, detentions & the apparent forced lockeddown of the city @ while the civilian population is already under strain pic.twitter.com/NJ3hmYfAWp— UNSMIL (@UNSMILibya) August 23, 2020
2/3 UNSMIL calls for an immediate de-escalation and for all involved to respect their obligations under international humanitarian law, including to allow full freedom of movement and immediate access to health facilities. pic.twitter.com/r3DzA5hhSp— UNSMIL (@UNSMILibya) August 23, 2020
3/3UNSMIL urges for due process to be respected, for those arrested to be handed over to relevant judicial institutions and for those who are arbitrarily detained to be released immediately. pic.twitter.com/iay9mQ0u8D— UNSMIL (@UNSMILibya) August 23, 2020
On Monday, Spokesperson of the Libyan National Army (LNA) Ahmed al-Mesmary stated that the GNA militias are mobilizing militants and transporting arms to attack the LNA's concentrations in Sirte.
Mesmary added that in the previous 24 hours Turkish frigates were moving toward Sirte, and that their launchers were in the attack position. He said that such military moves show that the decision in not solely in the hands of the GNA that has declared a ceasefire on August 21. The spokesperson stressed that the LNA is ready to repel any assault on its concentrations in Sirte and Al Jufrah.
The GNA said that the ceasefire should include the disarmament of Sirte and Al Jufrah, and the resumption of oil production while freezing the use of its revenues at the Central Bank of Libya until an agreement is reached. On the other hand, the House of Representatives mandated the dismantling of militias and the deportation of foreign mercenaries in order to achieve a ceasefire.
Source at the Libyan National Army (LNA) told the Middle East News Agency (MENA) that the defense ministers of Qatar and Turkey visited Prime Minister of Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA) Fayez al-Sarraj on August 17.
The parties agreed that Qatar would send military consultants to assist in the commanding of the militias protecting the GNA, which is an interim non-elected government that is recognized by the United Nations. Furthermore, Turkey contemplates establishing a military base in Misrata.
On the other hand, Commander of the LNA Khalifa Haftar received on August 18 the Egyptian Chief of Military Intelligence Khaled Mgawer who delivered a message from President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi.
In December 2019, Turkey signed with the GNA two MoUs on defense and gas drilling in the Mediterranean.
In January, the Libyan Armed Forces restored Sirte, and was advancing in the outskirts of Misrata and Tripoli. However, early in June, it lost Al Watiyah and Tarhouna, which was its last stronghold western the country, retreating into Sirte and Al Jufrah. The Libyan army installed air defense systems in Sirte, while Al Jufrah already has a main airbase.
Libyan tribes announced the closure of oil ports and fields in January as the revenues were used by the GNA to pay militants. Early in July, the tribes declared that oil facilities would resume operations. However, the LNA announced on July 11 that such facilities would remain closed until the demands of the Libyan people on dismantling militias are fulfilled. The Libyan National Oil Corporation (NCO) announced that the value of revenues lost until present is $6.5 billion.
Mesmary stated early in July that Turkey has transported into Libya 25,000 mercenaries. Those include 17,000 Syrian militants, 2,500 Tunisians who fought in the ranks of the Islamic State (IS) in Idlib and Aleppo, and other nationalities including the Sudanese.
Turkey has also sent 2,500 – 3,000 officers and military experts to co-command the operations rooms of the Government of National Accord (GNA) militias and to pilot drones from mainly Tripoli's Mitiga Airbase. The LNA downed around 70 Turkish drones as they were targeting its concentrations.
The LNA announced downing on July 23 a Turkish reconnaissance plane west of the Libyan city of Sirte, which is currently controlled by LNA forces.
On July 22, the LNA warned Turkey against approaching the Libyan coasts, threatening to target any hostile naval vessels in the Libyan waters.
On July 5, several "unknown aircraft" launched nine strikes against Oqba Bin Nafea Airbase located in Al Watiyah controlled by the GNA – which is an interim non-elected government that is recognized by the United Nations - and Turkey. The outcome was the destruction of Hawk air defense systems, and a Koral electronic warfare system as well as the killing of a Turkish commander, and six officers as the operations room they were in was hit.
However, Commander of Mobilization at the LNA Khaled al-Mahgoub stated on July 20 that Turkey still uses Oqba bin Nafea airbase in Al Watiyah western the country to bring in military reinforcements less than a month from losing air defense and electronic warfare systems in strikes by "unknown flights."
The LNA's commander of mobilization unveiled on July 25 that Syrian mercenaries transported by Turkey are being turned into police forces by the Ministry of Interior affiliated to the GNA.
The GNA was formed as per the 2014 Skhirat Agreement expired in 2017, and that failed to achieve its purpose, which is ending the civil war and unifying the affiliation of the country's institutions. There is another interim government that is based in Tobruk eastern Libya and that was formed by the elected Libyan House of Representatives convening in the same city instead of Benghazi given the circumstances. Benghazi currently constitutes the headquarters of the LNA.
The Libyan Armed Forces restored Sirte in January, and was advancing in the outskirts of Misrata and Tripoli. However, early in June, it lost Al Watiyah and Tarhouna, which was its last stronghold western the country, retreating into Sirte and Al Jufrah. The Libyan army installed air defense systems in Sirte, while Al Jufrah already has a main airbase.
On June 20, Egypt's President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi declared Sirte and Al Jufrah in central Libya a red line that if crossed, Egypt's "direct intervention" becomes internationally legitimate.
That is because it is aligned with the UN Security Council resolutions on Libya and Berlin Conference imposing an arm embargo on Libyan factions, banning foreign intervention in the North African State, and advocating for a political solution. Furthermore, Egypt's intervention is requested by the elected Libyan House of Representatives and Libyan tribes.
On July 13, the Libyan House of Representatives issued a statement allowing the Egyptian Armed Forces to intervene whenever it perceives a threat to the security of Egypt and Libya describing Turkey as "the invading occupier."
On July 16, President Sisi met with Tribe leaders belonging to eastern, central, and western Libya in Cairo as they demanded Egypt's military support to repel Turkish aggression. "We will enter Libya upon the request of the Libyan people, and will leave it in compliance with the order of the Libyan people," the president stated.
On July 20, the Egyptian House of Representatives approved sending troops beyond Egyptian borders on the western strategic direction.