FILE - Flags of the Anti-Terrorism Quartet (ATQ) of Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain
CAIRO – 25 November 2017: Five Egyptians affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood were declared to be on the Arab Quartet’s (Egypt, Saudi Arabia, United Arab of Emirates and Bahrain) latest terror list that was issued on Thursday.
The Egyptians included within the announced terrorist list are “the current MP’s ‘murshid’ (supreme guide), Mahmoud Ezzat; MB leader and former parliamentarian Mohamed Gamal Heshmat, an MB leader convicted in the case of assassinating Egyptian Prosecutor General Hisham Barakat; Yehya Saied Ibrahiem Musa, the sixth defendant in Barakat’s case; Qadri Mohamed Fahmy Mahmoud El Sheikh; and Hasm terrorist group founder Alaa Ali al Samahi.”
All of the Egyptian’s mentioned on the list are involved in several terrorist and violent attacks that have taken place over the past five years, and they are convicted to several years in prison.
FILE - Mahmoud Ezzat
Ezzat is the MB’s current acting “murshid” (supreme guide). He was born August 13, 1944 in Zaqaziq, Sharqia.
He joined the Muslim Brotherhood in 1962 while he was a medicine student. In 1965, Ezzat was arrested and convicted to ten years in prison. After being released 1974, he traveled to Sanaa, Yemen and then to England. After his return, he was chosen as a high board member in Cairo’s office.
Ezzat was later arrested several times, such as in May 1993 in what was known then as “Salsabeel Case”, which aimed to empower all of the MB members in state bodies.
In August 2013, Ezzat was selected as the Muslim Brotherhood’s acting supreme guide.
After the June 30th Revolution, Ezzat was claimed to have escaped to several European countries; however, in 2015, he issued a statement affirming that the Muslim Brotherhood will not reconcile with the Egyptian government.
Mohamed Gamal Heshmat
FILE - Mohamed Gamal Heshmat
Heshmat is a former parliamentarian and one of the Muslim Brotherhood leaders in Damanhour City, Beheira.
He was born in Damanhour in 1956 and studied medicine in Alexandria governorate. He served as the manger of several private hospitals and was a prominent leader of the MB, especially during the era of former President Mohamed Morsi.
Heshmat is one of the defendants accused of assassinating Egyptian Prosecutor General Hisham Barakat in June 2015.
Yehya Saied Ibrahim Musa
FILE - Yehya Musa
Musa started participating in MB activities when he was a medicine student at Al-Azhar University in Cairo.
After the election of former President Mohamed Morsi, Musa was selected as the Health Ministry’s spokesperson; however, after the dispersal of the Rabaa al-Adawiya and al-Nahda sit-ins, he escaped to Turkey.
Musa is considered to be the main planner of Hisham Barakat’s assassination, as declared by Interior Minister Magdi Abdel Ghafar. On his official Facebook page, Barakat commented on his conviction and confessed his participation, saying, “He was murdered once and should’ve been killed a thousand more.”
Qadri Mohamed Fahmy Mahmoud El Sheikh
Marked as the sixth defendant in case of Barakat’s assassination and one of the Muslim Brotherhood’s prominent leaders, El Sheikh currently lives in Turkey, after having escaped Egypt following the dispersal of the Rabaa al-Adawiya and al-Nahda sit-ins.
El Sheikh was reported to be assigned by the Muslim Brotherhood group to develop hostile plans against the state’s vital facilities, as well as army and police troops.
Alaa Ali al Samahi
FILE - Alaa Ali al Samahi
Samahi is one of the Muslim Brotherhood’s prominent leaders and founder of the Hasm terrorist group.
He escaped from Egypt, along with several other MB members, after the dispersal of the Rabaa al-Adawiya and al-Nahda sit-ins. Hasm, however, was not the only terrorist group he formed in Egypt, as he helped establish other hostile and armed groups, such as Lewaa al-Thawra.
He is also convicted in several other assassination attempts, including against former Mufti Ali Gomaa and Assistant Prosecutor General Zakaria Abdel Aziz Othman.
One of the arrested terrorists confessed during an official investigation that Samahi used to manage the armed groups affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood and received $100,000 a month for his services.