CAIRO - 15 March 2023: The Ministry of Environment established a database of wild plant species in Egypt, on its official website.
Egypt occupies the northeastern corner of the African continent, where four regions of biological geography meet, which are: the Iranian and the Turanian, the Mediterranean region, the desert Sindani, and the African tropical.
Its location represents the heart of the desert belt in the third region, Al-Sindiani-Saharan; it is the region that extends from Marrakesh, in the northwest corner of Africa, to the cold, highland deserts of Central Asia.
What increases the uniqueness of this site is that it is divided into two parts by the longest river in the world, the Nile River. However, as a result of the extreme variation in its ecological ranges, it is home to a diversity of wild habitats, plant and animal life, which is characterized by an extreme diversity in its composition, despite the small number of species of living organisms and the lack of endemic species.
The Ministry of Environment added that Egypt also enjoys a location in which it is bordered to the north and east by two semi-closed seas, the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. The latter is distinguished by its richness in the types of living organisms that live in it, and its embrace of coral reef systems, which are numbered among the richest ecosystems in the world, as well as mangrove trees, which play a very important role in preserving the health and vitality of the sea.
It is indisputable that coral reefs and mangroves are two of the mechanisms of biodiversity in the world, in addition to that the fauna and flora of the Red Sea are, to a large extent, a modified version of the fauna and flora of the Indian and Pacific oceans, although they include a relatively small number of endemic species.
The Ministry of the Environment affirmed that environmental systems and habitats on the one hand, and living organisms on the other, deserve preservation and protection, and that protection work for both sides, in Egypt in particular, takes the form of utmost necessity, because species are not abundant, while environmental ranges and natural habitats abound.
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