File -The Funerary Complex of King Unas.
CAIRO - 23 April 2020: Egypt's Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities launched a new virtual tour for the Funerary Complex of King Unas on April 23.
The tour was posted on the ministry’s official website and social media platforms.
King Unas (c.2375–2345 BC) is the last king of the Fifth Dynasty.
It contains all the components of the royal funerary complex of the Old Kingdom. It includes the valley temple, mortuary temple, the causeway connecting them, and the pyramid itself.
The entrance to the pyramid is located on its north side. A descending corridor leads to a hall, then to a horizontal gallery ending in an antechamber with three small magazines on its left.
On the right is the burial chamber, which contains the oldest known Pyramid Texts. These are religious inscriptions that helped the deceased king in his resurrection and guide him to reach the sun god Ra in the sky.
The mortuary temple, dedicated to the performance of religious rituals for the king after his death, is located on the east side of the pyramid. It contains a court with columns, the sanctuary, the altar, and a number of magazines.
From 1899 to 1903, excavations took place in the area surrounding the pyramid, which led to the discovery of numerous shaft tombs from the Twentysixth (664–525 BC) and Twentyseventh Dynasties (525–404 BC), as well as the tomb of King Hetepsekhemwy, the founder of the Second Dynasty (c.2890 BC), which lies directly beneath the mortuary temple.
This tomb consists of a 50 meter long corridor sculpted in the rock that has 80 storage rooms on its left and right.