Giza Pyramids and Sphinx-File Photo
CAIRO- 30 September 2017: The Great Pyramid construction site was carefully selected by ancient Egyptians to be in Giza for special reasons. According to the WhoaScience website, the ancient Egyptians chose the Pyramids’ location to be in Giza because its plateau could bear the heavy weight of the pyramid.
What proves this fact is that other pyramids that were built on sand, like the pyramid of Meidum, collapsed over time. The Cheops pyramid was carefully constructed from different selected types of rocks, roughly 2.3 or 2.6 million blocks. The limestone used in constructing the Pyramids has a brownish-yellow color, which was not appreciated much at that time, and hence it was used only in building the inner supporting core of the pyramid.
Reddish-pink granite extracted from Aswan was used in the construction of the central chamber holding the pharaonic sarcophagus. This type of granite was chosen because of its ability to support the weight of the construction.
The Pyramid’s core was covered with high quality white Tura limestone, while the core itself was made of less valued Giza limestone. This cover was later stolen to use in other buildings.
The granite used in constructing the Great Pyramid was transported over 500 miles to the construction site. The transportation process of the blocks without heavy equipment is an impossible action for most, which is why some authors argued that ancient aliens aided in the pyramids’ construction. But the reality is that ancient Egyptians were able to solve even more complicated problems. Workers of Tuthmosis III (1,486-1,425 B.C.) succeeded in erecting a 187-foot long obelisk that weighed over 1,000 tons.
Illustrations showing how ancient Egyptians built their monuments are extremely scarce. There is a painting on the wall of the tomb of Djehutihotep that features a group of workers moving a large statue.
In 2013, in a cave 410 miles away from Giza, a 4,600-year-old papyrus scroll was discovered by a group of archaeologists that referred to a shipload of rocks most probably used for Khufu's pyramid construction. The papyrus, addressed to Ankh-haf, Khufu’s half-brother, describes the mission as consisting of 200 men moving to the limestone quarries near Tura, on the eastern shore of the Nile. They loaded the blocks onto their ship, and then the expedition followed for ten miles on the Nile River. The blocks were set in the harbor associated with the construction site, then pulled on ramps and sledges onto the Giza plateau. The papyrus confirms that geological research was done, and it states the types of rocks used in the construction of the Great Pyramid. The discovered papyrus also explains how ancient Egyptians managed to transport the blocks, even without the help of aliens.