September 11 marks the beginning of a new Egyptian year



Mon, 11 Sep 2017 - 03:30 GMT


Mon, 11 Sep 2017 - 03:30 GMT

Horas AlHaweya Official page

Horas AlHaweya Official page

CAIRO – 11 September 2017: On September 11 of 2017, Egyptians welcome a new Egyptian year, which is the 6259th Pharaonic year. The Pharaonic calender was calculated in 4241 B.C. by the ancient Egyptians and is the oldest calendar in the world.

Desiree Edwards-Rees has mentioned in his book, “The House of History”, that ancient Egyptians measured the time taken by what we know to be the earth's journey round the sun.

He added that they counted 365 days, then they divided them up into 12 months; each one is 30 days, and they added an extra five days.

The five days left are gathered under the name of the short month, so the Egyptian year carries 13 months, according to archaeologist Ossama Alsaadawy on his official website.

The Egyptians also managed to divide the day into 24 hours, the time of the spring and autumn, and the days of the week.

The Egyptians thought that the calendar was invented by Thoth, the god of knowledge, the moon, measures, reading and the alphabet.

The first month of the Egyptian year carries the name of Thoth.

According to Alsaadawy, the calendar doesn't carry any mistakes and is the most suitable one for farmers.

The calendar also connected the weather, the astrological phenomena, solar and lunar systems, as Alsaadawy explained.

The Egyptians managed to set this calendar after watching the flood start every time the Sirius star was shining in the sky.

It was also the first solar calendar, while the other nations followed a lunar one.

The star shines at the sunset every time the flood reaches Memphis City.

Although Egypt officially doesn't follow the Egyptian calendar, it is still used in churches and by farmers.

It is the 1734th Coptic year that it is based on the Egyptian calendar and the ancient Greek one (Julian calendar).

Infographic by Ahmed Hussein- Egypt Today

August connects the Julian calendar and the Egyptian one to be the base of the Gregorian calendar.

The churches celebrate with new Egyptian/Coptic year in Nayrouz Fests.

Egyptians didn't name the months, but later on, the months were connected to the names of gods and folk idioms in the 26th dynasty period.

The names of the months are:

Thoth: The Egyptian god of wisdom and knowledge

Paopi: The god of agriculture and the Nile

Hathor: The goddess of beauty

Koiak: The god of good

Tobi: The god of rain

Meshir: The god of winds and storms

Paremhat: The god of heat, war and high temperature

Parmouti: The god of death

Pashons: The god of darkness

Paoni: The god of metal

Epip: The happiness because the Egyptian thought that Horus took his father's revenge from Set

Mesori: The birth of the sun, Ra

Pi Kogi Enavot: The short month

Happy New Egyptian Year, and Happy Nayrouz Fest!



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