Luxor celebrates sun alignment at Karnak temple



Tue, 21 Dec 2021 - 10:11 GMT


Tue, 21 Dec 2021 - 10:11 GMT

File: Tourists are watching Solar Alignment on Karnak Temple.

File: Tourists are watching Solar Alignment on Karnak Temple.

CAIRO - 21 December 2021: In one of the most important astronomical phenomena, the world witnesses today the solar alignment phenomenon on the Holy of Holies shrine at Karnak Temple which occurs on December 21 of each year.


It is a phenomenon that occurs annually to mark the start of the winter solstice.


Before sunrise, the Karnak temple witnessed sound and light shows about the history of the shrine of the Holy of Holies in the facade of the main edifice of the Karnak temple.


Tourists and foreign guests enjoyed the distinctive sunrise music that dazzled all the audience.


The Solar Alignment phenomenon begins with the sun infirtlating through the eastern gate of the temple, casting its rays on the main axis of the temple and entering the Holy of Holies, which was the location of the statue of the deity Amun.


The sun rays illuminate the Holy of Holies for several minutes, before they are spread inside the holy places at midday.


The Solar Alignment phenomenon on the Holy of Holies Shrine at Karnak Temple occurs every year on December  21, which coincides with the beginning of the germination season in ancient Egyptian, where the crops sprout, the trees are left, and the farmers begin the hard work in the fields after the long flood season in which the cranks were idle.

This day the sun is at the farthest corner from the equator, and perpendicular to the Tropic of Capricorn.
December 21 and 22 are the shortest days during the day, and the longest at night.
The sun also illuminates the offering tables set up on the same axis of the temple.



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