CAIRO – 15 December 2021: The ancient Egyptian empire prevailed for more than 3,000 years and was ruled by an estimated total of 170 pharaohs, from Narmer, who ruled in the 31st century BC, to Cleopatra who ruled until 30 BC.
The role of the pharaoh in the empire was very important, going beyond the role of the typical king in that his roles extended into the religious and political spheres.
In the following lines, ET highlights some of the most important facts that are not sufficiently known about the Pharaonic civilization, which were reported by the History Hit website.
It was the responsibility of the pharaoh to lead Egypt in both religious and political affairs. As a spiritual leader, each pharaoh was expected to perform sacred rituals and effectively serve as a conduit between the gods and the people.
Simultaneously, political leadership included more realistic concerns such as legislation, diplomacy, and the provision of food and resources to the people.
Both male and female pharaohs wore make-up, most notably black eyeliner around the eyes. It is believed that this served several purposes: cosmetic, and practical (as a means of reducing light reflection). It was also a mystical process due to the fact that the almond-shaped eye make-up enhanced their resemblance to the god Horus.
The Great Pyramid of Cheops in Giza is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and it is the only one surviving today. It was built over a period of 10 to 20 years, starting around 2580 BC. It was designed as a tomb for the Fourth Dynasty pharaoh Khufu [Cheops].
The Great Pyramid of Cheops remains one of the largest structures ever built and an amazing testament to the architectural ambition and creativity of the ancient Egyptians.