Egypt's central bank cuts interest rates by 50 basis point



Thu, 12 Nov 2020 - 05:57 GMT


Thu, 12 Nov 2020 - 05:57 GMT



CAIRO – 12 November 2020: The Monetary Policy Committee of the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) decided Thursday to cut the overnight deposit rate, overnight lending rate, and the rate of the main operation by 50 basis points to 8.25 percent, 9.25 percent, and 8.75 percent, respectively.


The discount rate was also cut by 50 basis points to 8.75 percent.


MPC referred to the annual headline urban inflation which recorded 4.5 percent in October 2020 and 3.7 percent in September 2020 up from 3.4 percent in August 2020. 


It noted that the increase in annual headline inflation continued to be mainly driven by higher annual contribution of food items as well as regulated items. This comes as negative annual food inflation eased for the second consecutive month, according to the statement.


“In the meantime, annual core inflation increased to 3.9 percent in October 2020 up from 3.3 percentin September 2020. Nevertheless, annual inflation rates continued to reflect muted inflationary pressures,” it added.


Moreover, MPC expected inflation during the fourth quarter of 2020 to be in the low single digits range, with increasing likelihood of coming under the inflation target floor of 6 percent, further confirming the muted inflationary pressures in the medium-term. 


It attributed its decision to cut the rates by 50 basis points that the path for current policy rates remains a function of medium-term inflation expectations rather than current inflation outturns. 


“The reduction in key policy rates in today’s MPC meeting provides appropriate support to economic activity, while remaining consistent with price stability over the medium term,” it stated.



According to MPC statement, preliminary figures announced show that real GDP growth for FY 2019/20 recorded 3.6 percent compared to 5.6 percent a year earlier. Growth was dragged downwards in 2020 Q2, mainly due to the partial lockdown measures that were implemented to contain COVID-19, registering negative 1.7 percent, down from 5 percent in 2020 Q1.


It stated that the pickup in consumption in 2020 Q2 was not enough to offset the combined contraction in investments, and to a lesser extent in net exports. This was also reflected in the unemployment rate which recorded 9.6 percent in 2020 Q2 up from 7.7 percent in 2020 Q1. “Meanwhile, leading indicators for 2020 Q3 continue to show gradual signs of recovery.”


On a global manner, the statement stated that economic activity remained weak despite some recovery, international oil prices broadly stabilized, and global financial conditions continued to improve, supported mainly by policy measures despite the ongoing uncertainty.


The MPC closely monitors all economic developments and will not hesitate to utilize all available tools to support the recovery of economic activity, within its price stability mandate, according to the statement.



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