Egypt’s BoP’s $4.1 billion surplus in first 9M of FY23/24 reflects economic resilience, despite current account deficit falls



Tue, 09 Jul 2024 - 02:23 GMT


Tue, 09 Jul 2024 - 02:23 GMT

Cairo – July 9, 2024: Despite several challenges, Egypt's Balance of Payments (BoP) remained resilient, recording an overall surplus of $4.1 billion for the first nine months of FY2023/2024.

Egypt's current account deficit jumped by 225 percent year-on-year, reaching $17.1 billion during the first nine months of the previous fiscal year (FY2023/2024), up from $5.3 billion in the previous July – March period, according to the latest figures from the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE).

Driven by a decline in natural gas production that pushed oil and gas exports down by 61 percent, Egypt's oil trade balance fell from a $1.7 billion surplus to a $5.1 billion deficit.

Other contributors to the widening Egypt’s current account deficit were declines in Suez Canal revenues, remittances, and a growing investment income deficit.

Suez Canal transit receipts decreased by 7.4 percent year-on-year to $5.8 billion, reflecting a decline in both net tonnage and the number of transiting vessels. On a quarterly basis, receipts plummeted by 57.2 percent due to disruptions in maritime traffic through the Red Sea.

Remittances from Egyptians abroad saw a decline of 17.1 percent year-on-year, amounting to $14.5 billion during the nine-month period. However, remittances inflows grew in March by 11.1 percent.

Investment income deficit grew by 4 percent, climbing from $13.5 billion to $14 billion, with investment income payments reporting an upward trend of 2.9 percent to $15.1 billion “reflecting the rise in interest payments on external debt”.

Egypt’s capital and financial account recorded a net inflow of $20 billion, the CBE’s data revealed.

The $4.1 billion surplus recorded during the July 2023 – March 2024 period was bolstered by strong capital inflows, which included Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) soaring to $23.7 billion, a three-fold increase from the previous year's $7.9 billion.

A significant portion of this inflow, $18.2 billion, came from the initial payment under the Ras El Hekma agreement, highlighting renewed investor confidence in Egypt's economic reforms.

Portfolio investments rebounded strongly, recording a net inflow of $14.6 billion compared to an outflow of $3.4 billion previously, reflecting improved investor sentiment.

Tourism revenues also showed resilience, growing by 5.3 percent year-on-year to $10.9 billion, driven by increased tourist arrivals and spending.

The non-oil trade deficit narrowed by $1.5 billion to $23.7 billion, supported by a decrease in imports and a slight increase in exports of non-oil commodities.




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