Billionaire entrepreneur and founder of SpaceX Elon Musk speaks at the 68th International Astronautical Congress 2017 in Adelaide on September 29, 2017
14 April 2022: Elon Musk took aim at Twitter (TWTR.N) with a $41 billion cash offer on Thursday, prompting a spike in shares of the social media giant, which the Tesla CEO said needs to be taken private to grow and become a platform for free speech.
"Twitter has extraordinary potential. I will unlock it," Musk said in a letter to Twitter's board on Wednesday, which was made public in a regulatory filing on Thursday.
Musk's offer price of $54.20 per share represents a 38% premium to Twitter's April 1 close, the last trading day before the Tesla (TSLA.O) chief executive's stake of more than 9% in the social media platform was made public.
The billionaire rejected an offer to join Twitter's board this week after disclosing his stake, a move which analysts said signaled his intention to take over the company as a board seat would have limited his stake to just under 15%.
"Since making my investment I now realize the company will neither thrive nor serve this societal imperative in its current form. Twitter needs to be transformed as a private company," Musk said in his letter to Twitter Chairman Bret Taylor.
Musk, who calls himself a free-speech absolutist, has been critical of the social media platform and its policies, and recently ran a poll on Twitter asking users if they believed it adheres to the principle of free speech.
"My offer is my best and final offer and if it is not accepted, I would need to reconsider my position as a shareholder," Musk added.
Twitter will review the offer with advice from Goldman Sachs and Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, a source told Reuters.
Shares in Twitter jumped 12% in premarket trading, while those of Tesla fell about 1%. Based on Twitter's Wednesday closing price of $45.85, its price in pre-market trading in New York implied a 35% chance of the company accepting Musk's offer.
The total deal value of $41 billion was calculated based on 763.58 million shares outstanding, according to Refinitiv data.
Musk said U.S. investment bank Morgan Stanley was acting as financial adviser for his offer. He did not say how he would finance the transaction if it goes ahead.
"The big question for the Twitter board now is whether to accept a very generous offer for a business that has been a serial underperformer and tends to treat its users with indifference," Michael Hewson, Chief Market analyst at CMC Markets, said after the announcement of Musk's offer.
Musk has amassed more than 80 million followers since joining Twitter in 2009 and has used it to make several announcements, including teasing a go-private deal for Tesla that landed him in hot water with regulators.
He has also been sued by former Twitter shareholders who claim they missed out on the recent run-up in its stock price because he waited too long to disclose his stake.
Twitter's lower-than-expected user additions in recent months have raised doubts about its growth prospects, even as it pursues big projects such as audio chat rooms and newsletters.
"It would be hard for any other bidders/consortium to emerge and the Twitter board will be forced likely to accept this bid and/or run an active process to sell Twitter," Wedbush Securities analyst Daniel Ives wrote in a client note.
"There will be host of questions around financing, regulatory, balancing Musk's time (Tesla, SpaceX) in the coming days but ultimately based on this filing it is a now or never bid for Twitter to accept," Ives said.