Egypt's central bank keeps interest rates unchanged for 8th time in row



Thu, 28 Oct 2021 - 06:33 GMT


Thu, 28 Oct 2021 - 06:33 GMT



CAIRO – 28 October 2021: The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) decided, Thursday to keep the Central Bank of Egypt’s (CBE) overnight deposit rate, overnight lending rate, and the rate of the main operation unchanged for the eighth time in a row at 8.25 percent, 9.25 percent, and 8.75 percent, respectively.


The discount rate was also kept unchanged at 8.75 percent.


The MPC decided that keeping policy rates unchanged remains consistent with achieving the inflation target of 7 percent (±2 percentage points) on average in 2022 Q4 and price stability over the medium term.


It referred in a statement to the annual inflation rate in September which hiked to 6.6 percent, up from 5.7 percent in August.

“In addition, annual core inflation increased to record 4.8 percent in September 2021 from 4.5 percent in August 2021,” it added.

It clarified that the annual headline inflation rates were affected by unfavorable base effects during September 2021 as expected as well as strong monthly dynamics mainly related to higher tomato prices.

Accordingly, the acceleration in September 2021 was mainly driven by higher annual contribution of food items. Annual food inflation increased for the fifth consecutive month to 10.6 percent in September 2021 from 6.6 percent in August 2021.

Meanwhile, partially offsetting this acceleration, is the decline in annual nonfood inflation to 4.9 percent in September 2021 from 5.3 percent in August 2021, which is the lowest recorded level since December 2012.


According to the statement, the GDP growth recorded 7.7 percent in 2021 Q2 compared to 2.9 percent during the preceding quarter. Economic growth in 2021 Q2 was driven by the strong positive contributions of gross domestic investments as well as that of consumption.

On a sectoral level, tourism, nonpetroleum manufacturing and natural gas extractions contributed most towards growth in economic activity with private sector activity remaining the main contributor towards overall GDP growth.

Meanwhile, the unemployment rate registered 7.3 percent in 2021 Q2 compared to 7.4 percent during the preceding quarter. Along the near outlook horizon, economic activity is expected to record robust growth figures, driven by domestic demand, which will also be impacted by favorable base-effects. Global economic activity continues to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic, but has shown some signs of slowdown due to global supply chain disruptions.

It added that prospects of global economic recovery remain contingent on the efficacy of vaccines and the ability of countries to contain the spread of the virus, in light of the emergence of newer variants. Global financial conditions are expected to remain accommodative and supportive of economic activity over the medium-term. International prices for oil have continued to increase driven by both supply and demand factors.

In the meantime, international prices for commodities such as food and select minerals have continued to increase but at a slower rate.




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