Mine clearance in Mali Courtesy of UN.
CAIRO – 2 July 2017: The 15 members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) unanimously adopted on Friday its first ever resolution on mine action, UNSCR 2365.
According to the UN, the UNSCR 2365 “calls on all parties in armed conflicts to end immediately and definitively any indiscriminate use of explosive devices in violation of international humanitarian law.”
In addition, the new resolution stresses “the importance of considering mine action during the earliest stages of planning and programming in peacekeeping operations and special political missions,” as well as in humanitarian responses and delivery of humanitarian assistance. The Secretary-General has been requested to include information on threats posed by landmines, explosive remnants of war and improvised explosive devices, and efforts to mitigate these threats in the reports on peace operations and humanitarian responses.
The UNSC recognizes the vital contribution of mine action programs to sustain peace and stability; it also notes the serious threat of landmines, explosive remnants of war and improvised explosive devices on civilians including children, peacekeepers, aid workers, and law enforcement personnel. It also represents a serious threat for refugees returning home and sustainable development after conflict resolution.
The UNSC urged the international community to support the care, rehabilitation, and economic and social reintegration of victims and persons with disabilities resulting from mines.
On June 13, the UNSC held a debate on mine action and mitigating the risks associated with landmines and other explosive remnants of war. The debate titled “Comprehensive Approach to Mine Action and Explosive Hazards Mitigation” was proposed by the UNSC president for June, Bolivia.
Alexander Zuev, Assistant Secretary General for Rule of Law and Security Institutions, Department of Peacekeeping Operations, said during the debate, “As an integrated component of peacekeeping and special political missions, mine action is critical to the safety, security and mobility of mission personnel and to effective and efficient mandate implementation along with its critical importance for protection of civilian populations, especially children and women.”
Furthermore, during the debate the UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS) announced that it is coordinating the development of standards for the disposal of improvised explosive devices to ensure conformity in training, equipment and operations. The standards are expected to be completed by the 72nd session of the General Assembly on September 12, 2017.