Protestors, who are against Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, gather in Tahrir Square in Cairo July 3, 2013. (Photo: REUTERS/Steve Crisp)
CAIRO –30 June 2018: The days between June 26 to July 3, 2013, Egypt's modern history was drastically reshaped; the 87-year-old group of the Muslim Brotherhood shot itself in the foot during their one-year rule and wiped themselves off the political landscape of Egypt.
Egypt Today provides a quick refresher of the events of the June 30 revolution, as the country celebrates its fifth anniversary today.
July 26, 2013
The then-Muslim Brotherhood President Mohamed Morsi delivered a long televised speech in which he threatened that polarization reached the stage that it could threaten the country.
At this time, people's anger at the regime of the Muslim Brotherhood was growing and the signature campaign of Tamarod (rebel) that was formed to demand an end to Morsy's rule was taking the country by storm.
Shortly after, several sporadic protests broke out in a number of governorates between the loyalists of the regime and those that had an issue with it.
June 27, 2013
Egyptian scholar and diplomat Mohamed El Baradie, who is also the head of Egypt's oppostion bloc called National Salvation Front (NSF), delivered a speech in response to Morsi's.
Baradie mentioned that the president was not m taking control of the situation any more and described in the speech his failure as a president of Egypt and called on people to peacefully gather in public spaces, calling early presidential elections and the formation of a committee to reformulate the constitution that the Muslim Brotherhood enforced shortly after Morsy's election in 2012.
June 28, 2013
Egyptians lined and filled Tahrir Square, demanding an end to Morsi's reign, while other citizens gathered in front of some of the headquarters of the governorates and threatened a nation-wide civil disobedience, while Pro-Morsy rallies took over Nasr City's Rabaa Square.
June 30, 2013
Millions of Egyptians protested in Tahrir Square and in front of the Presidential Palace and demanded the departure of Morsi. The number of demonstrators reached about 37 million demonstrators.
Chaos immediately ensued between the loyalists of the Muslim Brotherhood and demonstrators in front of the headquarter of the group in Mokkatam and resulted in the death of ten.
July 1, 2013
The then-Defense Minister Abdel Fatah al-Sisi delivered a televised speech in which he threatened to directly intervene to the welfare of the people within a 48-hour ultimatum and pledged to lay out a road map himself. Nationwide celebrations by the military announcement took over the country with people chanting for it.
July 2, 2013
In defiance to the military’s announcement, Morsi made his final TV appearance and made visible of his intentions to adhere to his presidential mandate stipulated in the Constitution. Severe clashes occurred in the vicinity of m Cairo University and resulted in the killing of 20.
July 3, 2013
After the end of the 48-hour mandate, Sisi announced the ouster of Morsi in a televised statement and the suspension of the 2012 Constitution. The president of the Supreme Constitutional Court, Adly Masnour, was ordered to take over the reins until the holding of an early presidential election.