Independence advocate Quim Torra gives a speech at the Catalan's parliament as he stands for regional president
CAIRO - 13 May 2018: Catalonia's parliament is set to vote on Saturday on whether to appoint as regional president Quim Torra, handpicked by deposed leader Carles Puigdemont, who has promised to carry on pushing for independence, provoking a stinging response from Madrid.
Torra, 55, a father-of-three, is an independence advocate cut from the same cloth as Puigdemont, who is currently in exile in Germany fighting an arrest warrant and extradition request from Spain, but still exerting his influence on politics back in Catalonia.
Torra gave a bullish speech at the opening of debate in the regional parliament, signalling that the secession crisis is far from over, even if Catalonia does finally get a government after months of political limbo.
"I want it to be clear that our president is Carles Puigdemont and we will be loyal to the mandate of October 1 to build an independent state in the form of a republic," Torra said, referring to last year's outlawed independence referendum.
He promised to restore Catalonia's laws suspended by Spanish courts and start drafting a constitution for a future Catalan Republic, stressing that he would "not give up anything" and would "assume responsiblity for what comes from our actions".
Puigdemont would become involved as soon as his legal situation allowed, added Torra, who also condemned the "unacceptable silence" of European institutions over the Catalan crisis.
But he did say he was "ready to talk tomorrow without conditions" with the government of Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy.
Rajoy quickly responded to the speech, saying: "What we saw and heard did not please us... but we will judge his actions."
He also warned that under Article 155 of the constitution, which the government used to impose direct rule on Catalonia, "could be used again if necessary," if the next regional leadership did not respect the law.
The government also issued a statement calling Torra's speech divisive and accusing Puigdemont, in naming his successor, "of making first the interests of an individual rather than the general interest of all citizens."
- Close vote expected -
The opposition for its part accused Torra of throwing "oil on the fire".
"Independence lost a great opportunity today, (that of having) a candidate who recognises his errors," said Ines Arrimadas, leader of the centre-right Ciudadanos, the party that received the most votes in the last regional elections.
The head of the Catalan Socialist party Miquel Iceta criticised Torra for accepting to "subordiante" himself to "someone who believes he is the legitmate president", referring to Puigdemont.
After the debate, the parliament will proceed to a first vote. Torra is not expected to get enough support as the vote requires an absolute majority which he doesn't have.
However he will get another opportunity in a second round, likely to take place on Monday, where he will only need a simple majority -- although even that is not assured.
There are currently 70 lawmakers in the regional parliament who are pro-independence, against 65 who are not.
But four of the 70 are from the radical anti-capitalist, separatist CUP party which has said it will vote for Puigdemont -- and no one else.
If they decide to abstain, Torra will scrape through in the second round with a simple majority. But if they vote against, he will not succeed.
Catalonia has been in political limbo since Spain's conservative central government sacked Puigdemont and his cabinet and imposed direct rule on the semi-autonomous region after it unilaterally declared independence on October 27.
Regional elections were held in December, which separatist parties won again, but every leadership candidate picked by the separatist camp since has fallen flat.
While Puigdemont faces jail if he returns home, other candidates such as civic leader Jordi Sanchez are in prison, charged with rebellion for their role in the independence drive.
- Tensions in separatist camp -
Antonio Barroso, deputy research director at Teneo Intelligence, told AFP that Torra -- an editor who also held high positions within pro-independence associations -- will likely act as Puigdemont's "surrogate".
He will be faced with deep divisions in the separatist camp, composed of the CUP, the leftwing ERC party and Puigdemont's Together for Catalonia grouping, he added in a research note.
"The problem is that separatist parties continue to disagree on what to do next," he wrote.
"ERC wants to execute a 'moderate shift' to keep secessionist politicians out of legal troubles, avoid direct rule by Madrid, and try to garner long-term support for independence.
"In contrast, Puigdemont's strategy is to continue using every opportunity... to continue challenging the Spanish authorities and keep the secessionist momentum alive."
Oriol Bartomeus, politics professor at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, told AFP that Torra had in his career shown "a pretty clear inclination towards the sector of the independence movement that is not really in favour of political normalisation."
In March, Torra gave a rousing speech to the regional parliament calling on separatists to keep up their campaign against the central government.
"Do not think for a moment we will give up, not even a millimetre, to defend the justice, legitimacy and honourability of this cause," he thundered.