Ashtoum el-Gamil Reserve - Wikimedia commons
CAIRO - 16 May 2023: On the International Day of Bird Migration, The Ministry of Environment organized Tuesday a celebration, and a visit by environmental journalists to Ashtoum el-Gamil Reserve and Tnis Island in Port Said governorate.
The reserve was declared as a natural reserve in 1988, on an area of 180 km2, and it is considered one of the wetland reserves that serve as a natural isolation for birds, at a distance of 200 km from the heart of Cairo.
The migration of birds is the most important regular, automatic seasonal movement that is not regulated by humans, but is practiced by the birds of the world in harmony with nature, and the migration of birds occures often to the north and south by the flight path, between the breeding and wintering areas, where many types of birds migrate.
Ashtoum El-Gamil Reserve includes Boghazi El-Gamil, Ashtum El-Gamil and Lake Manzala. The area of Tnis Island is also located within Lake Manzala. Lake Manzala is considered the largest area among the Delta lakes and is characterized by its diverse environmental systems. The area of Lake Manzala was a fertile agricultural land full of tender, and its land declined as a result of the earthquake that occurred in the late sixth century.
Ashtoum El-Gamil Reserve includes the number of plant species in the reserve, reaching 80 species in the protected area and 150 species in Lake Manzala.
The number of birds is about 118 species, and it also includes 17 species of fish and 76 species of insects.