Islamic State-affiliated Sinai Province terrorists in North Sinai. (photo credit: WIKIMEDIA COMMONS/ARAB MEDIA)

Islamic State-affiliated Sinai Province terrorists in North Sinai. (photo credit: WIKIMEDIA COMMONS/ARAB MEDIA)

How terrorists are designated as terrorists

Thu, Mar. 8, 2018
CAIRO – 8 March 2018: Since the ouster of President Mohamed Morsi on July 3, 2013, Egypt has put several figures on a proscribed terrorist list because of their attempts to incite chaos across the country, which was updated on Tuesday with 319 new names. Egypt Today gives an overview on the process of designating terrorists.

As part of Egypt’s efforts to fight terrorism, President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi issued a new law in 2015 that gives a broad definition of terrorist entities and the sentences against them.

The law defines terrorist entities as a group or individuals that "through any means inside or outside the country, seek to call for the disabling of laws, or prevent state institutions or public authorities from functioning, or seek to attack the personal liberty of citizens, or other freedoms and rights granted to citizens by the law and constitution, or to harm national unity or social peace."

It also includes those who would commit attacks either inside or outside Egypt.
According to the law on terrorist entities (law No. 8/2015), the general prosecution shall create a proscribed terrorist list which is referred to by the Egyptian court, and has the final say as to individuals’/groups’ designation as terrorists.

Those who are blacklisted in accordance with the law are “placed on travel ban lists, prevented from entering the country, have their travel passports withdrawn, are not allowed to have new travel passports, lose the stipulation of good reputation, and shall not be allowed to join parliament or take charge of public posts." The designation decision can be appealed.

Egypt has designated the Muslim Brotherhood, the Sinai-based militant group Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis, the Islamic State group, Palestinian Hamas's military wing and Al-Qassam Brigades as terrorist groups for their violent acts, their attempts to incite chaos across the country and destabilize Egypt and for claiming responsibility for a number of deadly attacks on security forces.

Most of the group’s members and leaders are either in prisons or have fled the country.

The list was updated on Tuesday with 319 new names added for three years until the court takes its final decision, and 14 others removed, as they were either dead or the time limit of their designation had expired. The Sinai Province (Wilayat Sinai) group was also added to the list of terror entities for three years, per a ruling by the Cairo Criminal Court.

Last month, the names of Abdel-Moniem Aboul-Fotouh and 15 others were added to the terror list after a court decision that found them to be members of the Brotherhood, thus rendering their party, the Strong Egypt Party which Aboul Fotouh heads, as a political arm to the terrorist organization.

Furthermore, among those on the terrorist list are famous Egyptian footballer Mohamed Abou Trika for funding the banned Muslim Brotherhood, Morsi, Mohammed Badie, MB Guide Mahmoud Ezzat and the son-in-law of former Muslim Brotherhood leader Khairat al-Shater, Ayman Abd al-Ghani.


 
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