What you need to know about Egypt’s efforts to eradicate FGM



Fri, 05 Feb 2021 - 02:09 GMT


Fri, 05 Feb 2021 - 02:09 GMT

FILE – little girl – HippoPx

FILE – little girl – HippoPx

CAIRO – 5 February 2021: On Thursday, the National Committee for the Eradication of FGM, co-chaired by the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood and the National Council for Women, held a virtual meeting with the participation of members of the committee in addition to representatives of development partners.

This came on the occasion of the international day of zero tolerance for female genital mutilation FGM, 6 February,

The National Committee affirmed the determination thereof to confront this hideous crime of FGM, which negatively affects the present and future of girls, and constitutes a great danger to their lives.

Maya Morsy, President of the National Council for Women expressed her sincere thanks and appreciation on behalf of all members of the National Committee to Dr. Mustafa Madbouly, Prime Minister, for the approval of the cabinet on the draft law submitted by the National Committee, and Legal procedures have been taken to study it at the Ministry of Justice, which includes amending some provisions of the Penal Code issued by Law No. 58. of 1937, to determine a deterrent punishment for FGM crimes, confirming that this is the culmination of the relentless efforts made by the National Committee for the Eradication of FGM since its formation in May 2019, and a great victory for Egyptian women and girls, as it is a momentum in the agenda of criminalizing FGM in Egypt.

Morsy also appealed to Parliament to pass the bill in the near future, and to permanently eliminate the medicalization of FGM.

Morsy announced that the fruitful cooperation between all members of the National Committee since its establishment thereof has resulted (1534 activities) targeting 74,616,721 beneficiaries (women, girls, men and children) in villages and hamlets across the governorates in various fields, such as organizing medical and educational convoys and awareness media campaigns, receiving complaints, raising the efficiency of institutional building, and door-knocking campaigns under the slogan “Protect it from FGM” through the branches of the National Council for Women and the Childhood Protection Committees of the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood in the governorates to educate women and families in centers, villages and hamlets of the dangers of this crime and the harm thereof to the future of girls and their chances to live naturally. The 16 days of activism to combat violence against women during November 25 to December 10 of the year 2020, was also devoted for awareness of this issue.

Maya Morsy also expressed sincere thanks and appreciation to the doctor of Qalyoub General Hospital, who quickly reported the recent crime of FGM of a girl in Qalyubia upon her late arrival at the hospital, stressing that this doctor is an honorable model for honorable Egyptian doctors who appreciate and respect the value and message of the great medical profession , And indicated that the National Committee is fighting a hidden enemy, which is the culture of society that still encourages the commitments of this crime against the girls of Egypt, but this enemy will not deter the National Committee from carrying out its role in raising awareness of the harms of this crime.

Here is what you need to know about Egypt’s national efforts to eradicate FGM:

FGM is one of the worst crimes & violations affecting women psychologically and physically.

Therefore, combating FGM is one of the major constitutional and legal commitments of the Egyptian Government.

Egyptian efforts against female genital mutilation extend from the early beginnings of the last century.

IN EGYPT, Percentage of FGM of ever married women in age group 15-49 has decreased from 92.3%

in 2014 to 87.2% in 2015; while percentage of FGM for girls in age group 15-17 has decreased from 74.4% in 2008 to 61.1% in 2014.



Constitutional and Legislative framework


Article (80) The State shall provide children with care and protection from all forms of violence, abuse, mistreatment and commercial and sexual exploitation

Article (11) The State shall protect women against all forms of violence and ensure enabling women to strike a balance between family duties and work requirements.


FGM was prohibited in 1997 by a decision of the Minister of Health, but the practice was not fully prohibited as in some cases it was permitted with a medical practitioner’s approval. In 2007, the

Ministry of Health issued a Ministerial Decree banning all health professionals from performing FGM in governmental or non-governmental hospitals and clinics.

In 2008, the 1st Criminal protection provisions against FGM were issued as the Penal Code was amended to provide for penalties criminalizing FGM, Article 242 bis stipulated that anyone performing female circumcision shall be punished by a term of imprisonment of no less than three months and no more than two years or a fine of no less than EGP 1,000 and no more than EGP 5,000. Nevertheless, legislators have judged that such penalty is not proportional to the committed offence, therefore, in 2016, they amended Article 242 bis by aggravating the penalties of the Penal Code, and introducing a new Article 242 bis A all under the Law 78/2016.

The amendments of 2016 redefined FGM as a felony rather than a misdemeanor and increased the penalty for performing FGM from five to seven years of imprisonment and up to 15 years’ imprisonment if the act of FGM leads to the death of the victim or a permanent disability, Also the articles provided punishment between one to three years’ imprisonment of any individual who requests and abets the performance of FGM.

Strategic and institutional background


• Adoption of The National Strategy to combat Violence against women (2015)

• Adoption of the National Strategy to Combat Female Genital Mutilation (2016)

• Adoption of the National Strategy for Women Empowerment 2030 (2017)


• Child protection committees were established according to Article No. (97) of the Child Law No. 12 of 1996 amended by Law No. 126 of 2008 as a mechanism for monitoring children at risk and studying their cases, and implementing interventions to remove any kind of risk on a child.

• The National Council for Childhood & Motherhood’s Child helpline 16000.

• The National Council for Women’s hotline 15115.

• The Public Prosecutor issued periodicals in 2016 and 2018 to all members of the Public Prosecution regarding the punishment of FGM crimes and for activating the child protection system. These periodicals have become an important reference for prosecutors to complete investigations on FGM crimes.

• The Establishment of the First National committee to eradicate FGM in Egypt in 2019.

National Committee to eradicate FGM in Egypt

INTSITUTIONAL MECHANISM: In May 2019, for the first time ever The National Council for Women (NCW) & the National Council for Childhood & motherhood (NCCM) established a national FGM committee to eradicate FGM in Egypt that included governmental & nongovernmental concerned stakeholders as well as important executive, judicial and religious authorities.

ALL CONCERENED ENTITIES are members such as: Ministry of Social Solidarity; Ministry of Health & Population, Ministry of Education & technical education, Ministry of Youth, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Religious endowment; Ministry of Justice; Ministry of Interior; Ministry of foreign Affairs. It also includes Public Prosecution; Al Azhar Al Sharif; Egyptian Churches; CAPMAS; National Population Council; National Council for Human Rights; National council for People with disabilities; Supreme Media council.

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Committee Mandate

• View & discuss legislation, public policies, & relevant international conventions & work on the implementation of the law

• Exchange information, assessing the exerted efforts & challenges

facing different stakeholders, & proposing solutions.

• Revising relevant national strategies & directives, in addition to the national, regional & international framework & working papers & extracting goals to be submitted to the committee’s Chairs.

• Agreeing on the general framework, pillars and directives of the activities, tools for implementation & monitoring.

• Proposing & developing national action plans that gathers activities from concerned stakeholders & civil society.

• Proposing resources for funding of the plan’s activities.

• Endorsing the National plan, and supervising & monitoring its implementation with the concerned stakeholders.

ENDORSEMENT: It is the first time that the Government coordinates & compiles its efforts into one solid hub to be able to reflect the progress of this agenda in Egypt. H.E. the Prime Minister of Egypt has recognized this committee among other efforts of women empowerment in Egypt.

National Committee’s Scope of Work

BUILDING ON EXISTING BASELINES, the committee chairs (NCW & NCCM), announced building up the upcoming work on the past efforts that’s been done; and documenting what Egypt achieved in the FGM agenda. A recognition award “Marie Assad & Aziza Hussien yearly award” was also launched to convey the message that this committee recognizes and builds its efforts upon previous achievements.

COORDINATION OF EFFORTS, The NCW & NCCM were able to coordinate the efforts of all committee governmental & non-governmental committee members, as well as international partners; and reflect on those efforts nationally and internationally.

AWARENESS RAISING, in a matter of one year and precisely from May 2019 until June 2020, the committee was able to reach out to 22 million beneficiaries of women, men and children through different forms of activities and awareness raising means; knocking doors, awareness raising & medial convoys, media awareness campaigns, capacity building, receiving & dealing with complaints & inquiries; under the slogan #protecthemfromfgm.

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LEGISLATIVE AMENDMENTS, led by the Legislative committee in the National Council for Women and participation of concerned entities; legislative suggested amendments were proposed to assure that legislative gaps are covered.

Even though there is a law to criminalize FGM with strict penalties, a coherent review is now taking place to make sure any legal loophole is being tackled and solved. The proposed law included stricter penalties for FGM and widening the criminalization scope and redefining the act of FGM as a deformity.

The proposal also provides a solution for the issue of having FGM perpetrators from the medical staff. In addition to that, the committee has also studied addressing the issue of FGM in the child law and its bylaws.

The Egyptian Cabinet approves the draft law submitted by the National Committee for the eradication of FGM -after the study/review of Ministry of Justiceamending some provisions of the Penal Code to increase the punishment of FGM crimes, the amendments were stipulated in Article (242 bis & 242 (a) bis).

IMMEDIATE INTERVENTION, the committee with its ongoing/around the clock communication between all its members at large, and particularly the helplines & Ministry of Interior and Public Prosecution authority, were able to initiate and follow up on immediate interventions to help out potential victims of this practice or assure justice took place against all who have practiced it given the very close coordination with authorised agencies within the committee.

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INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS, National Committee to eradicate FGM along with UNICEF & UNFPA hosted the FGM global consultation meeting held in Egypt for the first time on the 11th of June 2019.

Moreover, on the 20th of June of 2019, the committee has contributed to the African regional conference on eliminating child marriage and FGM that was also hosted in Egypt & a Cairo call for action was the outcome of this conference.

Later in February 2020, the Cairo call for action was included in the report of the Social affairs sector within the African Union Commission.

INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION, While Egypt was discussing its National report on the universal periodic review (UPR) in the Human Rights Council Geneva in November 2019, the majority of Egypt’s commending were addressed to the women agenda and especially the work on FGM and the establishment of a national coordination mechanism to end this practice in Egypt.

On another note, the following agencies have also commended Egypt’s National committee’s effort during its year of work:

Finally, The National Committee is always renewing its commitment & dedication to work extensively & substantially to eradicate the FGM crime that violates the rights & human dignity of Egyptian girls.




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