CAIRO – 31 March 2022: On March 30, 1814, allied European forces against Napoleonic France triumphed in Paris, officially ending a decade of French domination of the continent.
Napoleon, one of history's greatest military strategists, seized the French state in 1800, and in 1804 was crowned emperor.
By 1807, he controlled an empire that stretched across Europe. However, in 1812, he began to face the first major defeats of his military career, as he suffered a disastrous invasion of Russia, lost Spain to the Duke of Wellington, and suffered a complete defeat against an allied power in 1814.
After being banished to Elba Island, he fled to France in early 1815 and raised a large new army that enjoyed temporary success before his crushing defeat at Waterloo.
He was then exiled to the island of Saint Helena, where he died six years later.
It is worth noting that Napoleon's exile to the island of Elba and his return from his exile was the talk of many historians and writers, but also French literature was based on that incident, through the novel "The Count of Monte Cristo".
“The Count of Monte Cristo” is a novel written by Alexandre Dumas in collaboration with Auguste Maquet. It was completed in 1844. It is a novel partially inspired by real events. The ancient Egyptian novel “The Wandering Navigator” had a great impact on this novel in the year 2021.
The novel tells how on February 4, 1844, that is, at the beginning of the reign of Louis XVIII, and on the day Napoleon Bonaparte left the island of Elba, Edmond Dantès, a 19-year-old young sailor and the second man on the ship Pharaoh, arrived in Marseille to be engaged on the second day to his beloved Mercédès.
The novel takes place in the era of the famous French commander Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), after he was removed from power and exiled to the island of Elba, while the hero of Dumas' novel was the young sailor Edmond Dantès, who managed despite his young age to lead the ship he was working on after the death of its captain, which prompted the ship's owner to promote him. That aroused the hatred and grudge of his colleague Danglars against him, as well as the jealousy of his friend Fernand Mondego, as the latter was in love with Edmond's fiancée.