CAIRO - 30 December 2021: In 2021, the Ministry of International Cooperation documented Egypt’s experience in mapping the Official Development Assistance (ODA) to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in an international event in June at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). The mapping exercises utilizes the methodologies of the United Nations and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), aiming to ensure the accurate implementation of mapping the ODA to the SDGs so that decisions are data-driven with impactful results, alongside ensuring a clear vision in plans with development partners.
The ODA-SDG mapping process incorporates 377 ongoing projects amounting to $25.6 billion, showing the methodologies of work used, and the overlap between projects and SDGs.
During a virtual event in June 2021, the Ministry of International Cooperation launched the book titled “Stakeholder Engagement Through Economic Diplomacy: Egypt Fostering Multilateralism and International Cooperation” from the London School of Economics, with the aim of documenting Egypt’s experience in international cooperation and development financing, recognizing the Egyptian leadership’s pioneering efforts in economic diplomacy, and spotlighting it as a replicable reference for emerging and developing countries.
The virtual event’s presentation in Arabic:
The virtual event’s presentation in English:
The virtual book launch includes international economic figures and heads of international institutions; Minouche Shafik, the LSE Director; and Carmen Reinhart, Vice President and Chief Economist of the World Bank; and Erik Berglof, the Chief Economist of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). The event also included Achim Steiner, the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), H.E. Munir Akram, Former President of the UN Economic & Social Council at the time, Elena Panova, Egypt’s UN Resident Coordinator, and other representatives.
Results of ODA-SDG Mapping
In order to implement the ODA-SDG mapping, the two main methodologies adopted were: (1) Sectoral Mapping Methodology, and (2) Project-Based Mapping Methodology. The second methodology was implemented through two distinct but related approaches: (a) single SDG mapping, and (b) multiple SDG mapping.
As an example, SDG 5: Gender Equality shows overlap and interconnectedness with other SDGs. While SDG 5 includes 13 projects that identify gender equality as their primary objective, with a total value of $82 million, making up for 0.32% of the total active ODA portfolio in Egypt, its goal is to promote gender equality and empower all women and girls, mainstreaming gender equality across projects in various sectors. This wider scope of influence, and after further investigations, gender equality had emerged as a cross-cutting theme in 99 projects worth $ 6.7 billion.
Development Financing Mapped to UN SDGs
Within the framework of SDG 1: No Poverty, the current portfolio of the Ministry of International Cooperation makes up for $1.3 billion, covering 18 projects in 31 locations across governorates, accounting for 5.17% of the portfolio’s total ODA.
In SDG 2: Zero Hunger, there are 17 projects in 35 locations across governorates, amounting to $486 million, and accounting for 1.89% of the total ODA portfolio.
The ODA directed to SDG 3: Good Health and Well-Being amounts to $1.4 billion to implement 32 projects across 95 locations in different governorates, making up for 5.63% of the total ODA portfolio.
In support of the Government of Egypt’s commitment to developing education, SDG 4: Quality Education amounts to $2.36 billion to implement 36 projects in 74 locations, amounting to 9.2% of the total ODA portfolio.
In terms of empowering women, SDG 5: Gender Equality includes 12 projects amounting to $82 million, accounting for 0.32% of the total ODA portfolio, and covering 19 locations across governorates.
Moreover, SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation includes 37 projects in 88 locations, amounting to $4.9 billion, accounting for 19.4% of the total ODA; and SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy has 32 projects in 61 locations, amounting to $5.9 billion, representing 23.2% of the total ODA.
In terms of SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, there are 43 projects worth $1.07 billion, amounting to 4.2% of the total ODA. Additionally, in SDG 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure includes 38 projects amounting to $5.7 billion, and accounting to 22.3%. SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities amounts to $16 million, covering 3 projects and making up for 0.06% of the total ODA.
In SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, there are 32 projects amounting to $1.5 billion, making up for 5.83% of the total ODA; and in SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production includes 8 projects amounting to $45 million, making up for 0.17% of the total ODA.
For SDG 13: Climate Action, there are 12 projects amounting to $365 million, amounting to 1.42% of the total ODA. In SDG 14: Life Below Water, there is one project amounting to $270 million; in SDG 15: Life on Land amounts to $15 million to cover 8 projects, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions makes up for 30 projects worth $230 million, representing 0.9% of the total ODA, and lastly, SDG 17: Partnerships For the Goals includes 5 projects worth $19.7 million.
The Interactive Map in English :